Rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by redness of the central face. Initially, rosacea often presents as flushing of the face. Over time, more persistent redness of the face, broken blood vessels, and pimples may occur. It is sometimes mistaken for acne. In some instances, a lumpy nose (rhinophyma) may occur. It primarily affects caucasians of northern European ancestry.
Subtypes & Symptoms
Rosacea encompasses a wide variety of signs and symptoms. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, rosacea is generally split up into the following four subtypes:
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea – Main symptoms include redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
- Papulopustular rosacea – Characterized by redness, swelling and acne-like breakouts.
- Phymatous rosacea – Usual symptoms include thick and bumpy skin.
- Ocular rosacea – Eyes are usually red and irritated with swollen eyelids.
Causes Of Rosacea
Although the exact cause of rosacea is not known, it is generally thought that the following may contribute to rosacea:
- Excessive sun exposure
- Hot or spicy foods
- Strenuous exercise
- Alcohol (especially red wine)
The symptoms of rosacea tend to come and go, and lifelong rosacea treatment is often necessary. Luckily, we can help control your rosacea with prescription topical medications and/or oral antibiotics and avoidance of any triggers. For persistent redness or broken blood vessels on the face, pulsed dye laser treatments by our board certified dermatologist can be very effective.